Top 10 Books On Ancient Rome

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This list of books was selected by writer Lindsey Davis, a British author whose work depend mainly on the Roman Empire and culture. This writer has given a list of books which the author relies on to get facts about Rome for her works. The books are listed below.

1. Daily Life in Ancient Rome by JérômeCarcopino
This book was published in 1939. It shows Rome as a teeming, noisy metropolis where the rich and poor lived together.

2. A Topographical Dictionary of Rome by Samuel Ball Platner and Thomas Ashby
This book was published in 1929 and this serves as the knowledge of our idea about Roman streets, temples and theatres. But since the book was based mostly on the archeological discovery, it is good to be a little cautious as there have been recent discoveries made.

3. Life and Death in Pompeii and Herculaneum by Paul Roberts
This book is about the eruption of Vesuvius and the sudden death of a mass of people. The book’s illustrations are also complimented on being wonderful.

4. Shopping in Ancient Rome by Claire Holleran
This book is scholarly and is about the Roman retail trade.

5. Gardens of the Roman World by Patrick Bowe
This book is amazingly illustrated and describes the leisurely gardens of Ancient Rome with their cooling streams, ponds and birds.

6. Doctors and Diseases in the Roman Empire by Ralph Jackson
This is a book describes about the medical practices that were seen in the ancient Rome and is definitely not for the squeamish.

7. Ancient inventions by Peter and Nick Thorpe
This book is also about the gruesome medical practices that were seen in ancient Rome. Describes portions and contraptions used in various treatments.

8. The Mysterious Fayum Portraits; Faces from Ancient Egypt by EuphrosyneDoxiades
This book is about the painted portraits of the Egyptian Romans.

9. Orgy-Planner Wanted: Odd Jobs and Curious Careers in the Ancient World by Vicki Leon
This book describes about the odd jobs that existed during the Roman era.

10. How to Win an Election by Quintus Tullius Cicero (translated by Philip Freeman)
As the title suggests, this book is all about the political practices of the ancient Rome.

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Significance Of Women In Ancient Rome

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Roman women were given equal rights to men. They enjoy equal opportunities in education, trade and business. Some of the higher strata women also went on to graduate. Despite the forward thinking of the Romans in giving equal status to women, they did not consider it important to give women the right to vote. Yet women were able to alter the political scene by influencing their male relatives or friends. Roman women made great name in trade and business and they even had the right to possess property. women1Though, salve women were not given a high stratus in the society. They were abused, tortured and treated badly by their masters.

In the family women held equal rights to their brothers. They were treated equal to their sons. Roman family was headed by the father and hence it is a patriarchal society. Daughters were given the right to receive the share in the property if the father dies without producing a will. The family name of the women does not change even after marriage. This goes to show that they remain loyal to their pater familias despite a difference of opinion with their husbands. Women enjoy equal legal rights. Legal action or Divorce is common among women ill-treated by their husbands. They can challenge the decision of the family head denying her right in the property.

The Growth Of Art In Ancient Rome

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The establishment of Roman Republic in 509 Ad after the overthrow of the Etruscan kings has an important association with the earliest Roman art. The two main divisions of roman art are divided based on the periods; they are the art of the Roman Empire and art of the Republic. Art does not mean only paintings. Roman art includes painting, architecture, mosaic work and sculpture. Gem engraving, ivory carvings, metal-work and glass works were considered minor art forms of Rome.

Roman art did not portray only the aristocracy, senators or emperors; it included all the people of Rome, like the slaves, soldiers, freedmen and middleclass businessmen. It also depicted the provinces in Rome. Even though there are a huge numbers of art and paintings of Rome like paintings, decorative arts, buildings and sculpture, very few of the artists’ names were recorded. This makes it obvious that the monuments of Rome were for the needs of their patron and not to express their artistic talents.

The traditional view of the Roman art is that they are copied from the Greek precedents; most of the Greek sculptures that are known today are the marble copies of Rome. However, recent analysis of the Roman art has indicated that their art is a highly creative pastiche relying mostly on the Greek art but it also depicts native Italy, Etruscan tradition and Egyptian culture.

The large number of Roman art’s Greek inspiration shows that the high esteem the Roman artists had for the Greek art. This was thought to be because of the higher and rarer quality of the Greek art. The many of the art forms used by Romans, like the free-standing sculpture, high and low relief, mosaic, coin art, cameo, metalwork, fine jewelry, metal work, perspective drawing, genre and portrait painting, caricature, landscape painting, and trompe l’oeil painting, were all refined and developed by ancient Greek artists.